Estimate the impact of the agricultural sector on the environment, considering land, water, biodiversity and natural areas requiring protection, such as forests and wetlands.
This application is an online calculator of the impact of animal manure on the environment, in different areas of Catalonia.
Geospatial maps presenting the farms' and animals' density in Catalonia, including contamination of various areas from nitrates.
Maps illustrating the manure produced by the livestock industry at each different municipality of Catalonia.
Different visualizations around Catalonia for entities and layers such as water, soil, areas, infrastructures, forests etc.
Geospatial maps showing crop farms, their needs in nitrogen and nitrate emissions.
This application is an online calculator of the nitrogen needs of crop farms, in different areas of Catalonia.
Geospatial maps illustrating the greenhouse emissions produced yearly by the livestock industry, in different municipalities of Catalonia.
Maps depicting the nitrogen/phosphorous excreted from animal manure yearly, in different municipalities of Catalonia, based on current techniques as well as best practices.
Best available techniques (BAT) and approaches to achieve effective manure management and reduce the negative impact and contamination on the soils and water.
The agricultural sector plays a central role in the policies of all countries around the world because of its economic, social and environmental relevance. Because of insufficient accessible arable land, intensive farming has been linked to excessive accumulation of phosphorous, heavy metals, and other soil contaminants, as well as to significant groundwater pollution with nitrate. Deterioration of soil water quality is especially worrying at the bioclimatic Mediterranean area, especially under the current context of climate change. Hence, it is necessary to develop a common body of knowledge, shared at the local and regional levels of the countries involved and affected, so as to allow an effective monitoring of cropping systems, fertilization and water demands, and impacts of climate change, with a focus on the sustainability and the protection of the physical environment.
In the P-Sphere [email protected], which started officially in October 2016, we have developed an online software platform that combines geophysical information from various diverse sources and geospatial analysis, together with big data analysis, in order to estimate the impact of the agricultural sector on the environment, considering land, water, biodiversity and natural areas requiring protection, such as forests and wetlands. Based on the European P-Sphere project, this platform intends to promote more sustainable agriculture, by designing and developing an information and knowledge-based platform, using a big data approach for managing and analyzing a wide range of geospatial and mainstream information, which can be accessible by standard communication technologies such as the internet/web and mobile apps. The architecture of the platform is illustrated here:
The platform allows data acquisition and analysis of relevant parameters in various agricultural systems, for promoting more precise management and use of inputs (e..g. energy, nutrients and water) and outputs (e.g. emissions, biomass yield, etc.). This platform can also be used for the simulation of nutrient balances under different scenarios, in order to assist both the farmers' decision-taking processes and the administration planning and policy making, with the ultimate objective of meeting the challenge of increasing food production at a lower environmental impact.
We have primarily focused in the area of Catalonia (Spain) motivated by the fact that it is one of the European regions with the highest livestock density, with farm concentrations of more than 6M pigs, 0.7M cows and 38M poultry. The high density of livestock in some areas, linked to the insufficient accessible arable land, has resulted in severe groundwater pollution with nitrate. Excessive soil accumulation of phosphorous and heavy metals from manure has also been reported in certain areas.